names of irish volunteers 1916

Irish (National) Volunteers, a militia founded 25 November 1913 at the Rotunda in Dublin They were founded as a direct response to the UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force, founded 1912). The National Volunteers kept some 175,000 members, leaving the Irish Volunteers with an estimated 13,500. Irish Volunteers 1916-1921. Gleichzeitig wurden die verschiedenen Widerstandsgruppen zur Irish Republican Army verschmolzen. The one exception to this was Enniscorthy, which had a nucleus of separatist activists. About Us The I.V.C.O. The UVF opposed Home Rule for Ireland and wished to maintain the union with Britain. Bulmer Hobson, co-founder of the republican boy-scouts, Fianna Éireann, and member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, believed the IRB should use the formation of the Ulster Volunteers as an “excuse to try to persuade the public to form an Irish volunteer force”. The Manifesto of the Irish Volunteers was composed by MacNeill, with some minimal changes added by Tom Kettle and other members of the Provisional Committee. Customs House 1921 by Rod Dennison. The IRB found Eoin MacNeill the ideal candidate, Professor of Early and Medieval History at University College Dublin. Individual Accounts Irish Volunteers 1913-1923, Information Required on Members of the Irish Volunteers, British Forces, RIC, Auxilaries, Black & Tans, Royal Irish Constabulary & Dublin Metropolitan Police Memorials, Clanwilliam House, Mount Street Bridge, after the battle, Irish Volunteers being marched off to Richmond Barracks 1916, Irish Volunteers Commemorative Organisation wish all our members,supporters and Friends a happy and peaceful Christmas 2020. This enraged the populace, and during the outcry enlistments in the Volunteers soared. What began as a small uprising in the centre of Dublin on Easter Monday set in motion a series of developments which ultimately led to Irish independence. The official stance of the Irish Volunteers was that action would only be taken were the British authorities at Dublin Castle to attempt to disarm the Volunteers, arrest their leaders, or introduce conscription to Ireland. Members: Piaras Béaslaí (Irish Republican Brothe… Patrick Henry Pearse, Director of Operations for the Irish Volunteers addressing a public meeting at Dolphins Barn Dublin August 30 th 1915. Home / Dublin 1916 Then & Now / Irish Volunteers 1916-1921. They were Frank Conroy (Kildare), Johnny Meehan (Galway), Henry Boner, Jim Foley, Tony Fox, Leo Green, Michael Nolan, Michael May, Tommy Woods (Dublin). While the moderates did not like the idea, they were prepared to go along with it in order to prevent Redmond from forming a rival organisation, which would draw away most of their support. The IRB could not move in the direction of a Volunteer force themselves, as action by known physical force men would be stopped, despite the precedent established by the Ulster Volunteers. Indeed, many contemporary observers commented on the irony of “loyal” Ulstermen arming themselves and threatening to defy the British government by force. Redmond, in the interest of ensuring the enactment of the Home Rule Act 1914 then on the statute books, encouraged the Volunteers to support the British and Allied war commitment and join Irish Regiments of the British New Army divisions, an action unsuccessfully opposed by the founding members. Speakers at the rally included MacNeill, Patrick Pearse, and Michael Davitt, son of the Land League founder of the same name. This meant that the IRB was able to steer the Irish Volunteers in their chosen direction; the Easter Rising was less than three years in the future. Although the two organisations had some overlapping membership, there was no official connection between Griffith’s then moderate Sinn Féin and the Volunteers. The Irish Volunteer was first printed on 7th February 1914 and was used to communicate orders and directions to the Volunteers as well as highlighting the activities of specific units to inspire others. This was followed in January 1913 with the formation of the Ulster Volunteers composed of adult male Unionists to oppose the passage and implementation of the bill by force of arms if necessary. On 1 November, MacNeill’s article suggesting the formation of an Irish volunteer force was published. MacNeill wrote: There is nothing to prevent the other twenty-eight counties from calling into existence citizen forces to hold Ireland “for the Empire”. The Irish Volunteers fought for Irish independence in the Easter Rising of 1916, alongside the Irish Citizen Army, Cumann na mBan, and Fianna Éireann. If Irishmen accepted this new policy he said they would be surrendering their rights as men and citizens. The Irish Volunteer Force (IVF) was created in 1913 to add some military might to the campaign for Home Rule for Ireland. Lieut. Over the course of the following months the movement spread throughout the country, with thousands more joining every week. Once Gourley found the grave he put up a headstone featuring a Tricolour. Irish Volunteers ("Sukarelawan Ireland", Bahasa Ireland: Óglaigh na hÉireann), Irish Volunteer Force ("Pasukan Sukarelawan Ireland") atau juga Irish Volunteer Army, ("Tentera Sukarelawan Ireland") merupakan sebuah organisasi tentera yang ditubuhkan pada tahun 1913 oleh pihak pihak nasionalis Ireland sebagai suatu tindakan balas terhadap pembentukan Ulster Volunteers pada tahun sebelumnya. Four-page list of 'D' Company, 1st Batt, Dublin Irish Volunteers who took part in the 1916 Rising Compiled and handwritten by Lieut. The objective was the town of Lopera and by the time the action was complete it had caused the death of nine in the Irish contingent. Its inscription reads: “Forever in our hearts, Edward Laurence Keegan, … Pearse issued orders for three days of parades and manoeuvres, a thinly disguised order for a general insurrection. The events of Easter 1916 are of seminal importance in Irish history. The initiative for a series of meetings leading up to the public inauguration of the Volunteers came from the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB). The outbreak of world war in August 1914 provoked a serious split in the organisation. The hall was filled to its 4,000 person capacity, with a further 3,000 spilling onto the grounds outside. The Irish Proclamation is engraved in both English and Irish on the background wall of the cemetery. Below is a list of the 18th century Irish Volunteer corps, alongside details such as their uniform and leaders. 13 3.2.4 Eoin MacNeill and the Irish Volunteers Letter from Tom Clarke to John Devoy relating to the Irish Volunteers and to Cumann na mBan, 14 May 1914. A small committee then began to meet regularly in Dublin from July, 1913, who watched the growth of this opinion.They refrained however from any action until the precedent of Ulster should have first been established while waiting for the lead to come from a “constitutional” quarter. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. They began by drilling a small number of IRB associated with the Dublin Gaelic Athletic Association, led by Harry Boland. Eoin MacNeill, the leader of the Irish Volunteers, therefore canceled mobilization orders for the insurgents, but Pearse and Clarke went ahead with about 1,560 Irish Volunteers and a 200-man contingent of the Citizen Army. Responsibility for the planning of the rising was given to Tom Clarke and Sean Mac Dermott. The manifesto further stated that their duties were to be defensive, contemplating neither “aggression or domination”. ON Sunday, April 9, 1916, Tomás MacCurtain, the officer commanding the Cork Brigade of Irish Volunteers, held a conference in the Volunteer Hall on Sheares Street in Cork. A description of the list is attached by Ignatius Callendar. One local IRB man, James Cullen, recalled the revitalisation of ‘The Organisation’ in the town after 1907, led by a man named Larry De Lacey. New digital archives store tales of 1916 Rising volunteers. This reorganization put the IRB is a stronger position, as four important military positions (director of training, director of military organization, director of military operations, and director of communications) were held by men who were, or would soon be, members of the IRB, and who later become four of the seven signatories of the Easter Proclamation. Such a case he believed that they would have mass support. EW.1056: RIC carbine rifle captured from R.I.C. Every one of the stewards and officials wore on their lapel a small silken bow the center of which was white, while on one side was green and on the other side orange and had long been recognized as the colors which the Irish Republican Brotherhood had adopted as the Irish national banner. Individual Accounts Irish Volunteers 1913-1923, Information Required on Members of the Irish Volunteers, British Forces, RIC, Auxilaries, Black & Tans, Royal Irish Constabulary & Dublin Metropolitan Police Memorials, Irish Volunteers Commemorative Organisation wish all our members,supporters and Friends a happy and peaceful Christmas 2020. On April 24 their forces seized the Dublin General Post Office and other strategic points in Dublin’s city centre, and Pearse read aloud a proclamation announcing the birth of … The Volunteers escaped largely unscathed, but when the army returned to Dublin they clashed with a group of unarmed civilians who had been heckling them at Bachelors Walk. McNeill’s academic credentials and reputation for integrity and political moderation had widespread appeal. It was this suggestion which gave rise to the article entitled The North Began, giving the Irish Volunteers its public origins. They have rights who dare maintain them, but rights in the last resort, could only be maintained by arms. It was ostensibly formed in response to the formation of the Ulster Volunteers in 1912, and its declared primary aim was “to secure and maintain the rights and liberties common to the whole people of Ireland.” The Volunteers included members of the Gaelic League, Ancient Order of Hibernians and Sinn Féin and, secretly, the IRB. December … The IRB, however, was determined to use the Volunteers for offensive action while Britain was tied up in the First World War. James Stritch, an IRB member, had the Irish National Foresters build a hall at the back of 41 Parnell Square in Dublin, which was the headquarters of the Wolfe Tone Clubs. They therefore confined themselves to encouraging the view that Nationalists also ought to organize a Volunteer Force for the defence of Ireland. Honourable Treasurers: The O’Rahilly (GL, Sinn Féin (SF)), John Gore (AOH, IPP); 3. Martin (ed. Honourable Secretaries: Eoin Mac Néill (Gaelic League (GL)), Laurence J. Kettle (Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP), Ancient Order of Hibernians(AOH)); 2. Bolands Mill Garrison 1916. Ein Teil der Irish Volunteers unter Patrick Pearse und die viel kleinere Gruppe der Irish Citizen Army von James Connolly eroberten verschiedene Gebäude in Dublin und proklamierten die unabhängige irische Republik. Sean Heuston in the Mendicity Garrison. The events which took place in this decade – the fight for Irish independence, the founding of the Eoin MacNeill, Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers, 1916 Seán Mac Diarmada, Irish Volunteer Eamon Ceannt, Irish Volunteer Liam Mellows, Irish Volunteer Padraig Pearse, Irish Volunteer Joseph Mary Plunkett, Irish Volunteer IRA veterans from War of Independence on the Falls Road Irish Free State troops IRA Black Mountain Belfast Cumann na mBan 1916 Cumann na mBan Citizen Army Girl Scout who … What if it be determined to dismember Ireland? Then in April 1914 the Ulster Volunteers successfully imported 24,000 rifles in the Larne Gun Running event. Hobson himself did not attend this meeting, believing his standing as an “extreme nationalist” might prove problematical.The IRB, however, was well represented by, among others, Sean MacDermott and Eamonn Ceannt, who would prove to be substantially more extreme than Hobson. Almost all of the fighting was confined to Dublin. (Devoy’s Post Bag, 1948). The Irish Volunteers, the smaller of the two forces resulting from the September 1914 split over s… Thus formed the Irish Citizen Army, led by James Connolly, which, though it had similar aims, had no connection with the Irish Volunteers. Increasing rapidly to a strength of nearly 200,000 by mid-1914, it split in September of that year over John Redmond's commitment to the British War effort, with the smaller group retaining the name of "Irish Volunteers". Given the wide expectation that the war was going to be a short one, the majority however supported the war effort and the call to restore the “freedom of small nations” on the European continent. In 1936, surviving participants of the 1916 Easter Rising signed their names to a Roll of Honour, which was presented to the Taoiseach Éamon de Valera and deposited in the National Museum. With the aid of old Fenians of t… is a non-political, non-profit organisation dedicated to recording and preserving the history and artifacts of the Irish Volunteers in the years 1913-1922. The Volunteers fought for Irish independence in 1916’s Easter Rising, and were joined by the Irish Citizen Army, Cumann na mBan and Fianna Éireann to form the Irish Republican Army. The only female leader of the 1916 Rising, Constance Georgine Gore-Booth took her name from her 1900 marriage to the Polish Count Casimir Markievicz. MacNeill himself would approve of armed resistance only if the British launched a campaign of repression against Irish nationalist movements, or if they attempted to impose conscription on Ireland following the outbreak of the First world war. There was a strong Irish Republican Brotherhood presence in the town and in the local Volunteers. The book is a fascinating account of the names and activities of the Roscommon volunteers between 1916-1923 in the fight for Irish independence. Honourable Secretaries: Eoin Mac Néill (Gaelic League (GL)), Laurence J. Kettle (Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP), Ancient Order of Hibernians(AOH)); Honourable Treasurers: The O’Rahilly (GL, Sinn Féin (SF)), John Gore (AOH, IPP); Members: Piaras Béaslaí (Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB)), Sir Roger Casement (GL), Eamonn Ceannt (IRB, GL, SF), John Fitzgibbon (GL, SF), Liam Gogan, Bulmer Hobson(IRB, Fianna Éireann (FÉ)), Michael J. The “Curragh incident” in March 1914 indicated that the government could not rely on its army to ensure a smooth transition to Home Rule. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Reddit Tumblr Pinterest Vk Email. Connell is the author of Dublin in rebellion: a directory, 1913–1923 (Lilliput Press, 2006). On 28 September 1912 at Belfast City Hall almost 250,000 Unionists signed the Solemn League and Covenant to resist the granting of Home Rule. The names of those who were members of the governing Committee of the Volunteers from November 1913 to October 1914, exclusive of Redmond’s 25 nominees who only functioned between mid-June to mid-September 1914 were: 1. The IRB was completely opposed to Redmond’s demands, as this would end any chance they had of controlling the Volunteers, but were unable to prevent the motion from being carried in Redmond’s favour. Several others meetings were soon to follow, as prominent nationalists planned the formation of the Volunteers, under the leadership of MacNeill. The IRB began the preparations for the open organisation of the Irish Volunteers in January 1913. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Ed Carty. The names of those who were members of the governing Committee of the Volunteers from November 1913 to October 1914, exclusive of Redmond’s 25 nominees who only functioned between mid-June to mid-September 1914 were: When the thirty member Provisional Committee was finalized, the addition of several new IRB members brought their total within the Committee to twelve. Gerry White on the events of 1916 and how these played out in Cork. The drilling was conducted by Stritch together with members of Fianna Éireann. The Irish Volunteers was a military organisation established in 1913 by Irish nationalists. The IRB was unable to gain complete control of the organisation, especially after the leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, John Redmond, demanded that the Volunteers accept his own personal appointments to its Provisional Committee, which would effectively place the organisation under his control. The future is big with these and other possibilities. By admin | 2017-09-13T15:08:44+00:00 May 29th, 2016 | Dublin 1916 Then & Now | 0 Comments. To ensure that Home Rule would be resisted they were prepared to fight, hence the foundation in 1913 of the militant UVF. Share This Story, Choose Your Platform! Generals in 1782. Volunteer Michael O’Callaghan ‘saved name of Tipperary’ in 1916. F.X. Balfe was next in command under Capt. Previous Next. Fianna Éireann representatives: Con Colbert (IRB), Eamon Martin (IRB), Patrick O'Riain (IRB). The IRB then specifically brought Liam Mellows to Dublin to strengthen the Fianna representation and they were eventually to recruit Pearse, Plunkett and MacDonagh, and thus hold over half the strength of the Committee. The remainder of the guns smuggled from Germany for the Irish Volunteers were landed at Kilcoole a week later by Sir Thomas Myles. 1916: Irish Volunteers 5th (Fingal) Battalion Lusk, Chapel Green: Fingal 1916 Memorial: Ashe, Tomás: 1916: Not stated Dublin 08, Richmond Barracks: 1916 Memorial: Aungier, Robert: 1916: Irish Volunteers 5th (Fingal) Battalion Lusk, Chapel Green: Fingal 1916 Memorial: Baldwin, Tom: 1916: Irish Volunteers "D … What if a Unionist or a Coalition British Ministry repudiates the Home Rule Act? In 1919 the Irish Volunteers became the Irish republican army, swearing its obedience to the First Dail during the course of August 1920. It called for general council of fifty members to meet monthly, as well as an executive of the president and eight elected members. Richard Balfe. The National Volunteers ceased to exist after the Armistice in 1918 when their battalions were disbanded in 1922 under the terms of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. The second Home Rule Bill, seven years later having passed the House of Commons, was vetoed by the House of Lords. The plan worked, and Erskine Childers brought nearly 1,000 rifles, purchased from Germany, to the harbour on the 26 July and distributed them to the waiting Volunteers, without interference from the authorities. At this meeting they decided to stage a rising before the war ended and to accept whatever help Germany might offer. Note that the numbers of Dead given is not the number Killed in Action during the 1916 Rising but the number of 1916 Volunteers who were dead in 1936. Stamped on the brass plate on the butt “1 ’05 / RIC / 7938. County Wexford, like most of Ireland in 1916, was dominated politically by the Irish Parliamentary Party and it auxiliary the Ancient Order of Hibernians. Unlike the latter, the 16th Division had no trained military Irish officers of its own, and were commanded by British officers, with the exception of Irish General William Hickie. 1916 Easter Rising. Irish rebel forces: Irish Volunteers Irish Citizen Army Fianna Éireann Cumann na mBan Hibernian Rifles: British forces: British Army Royal Irish Constabulary: Commanders and leaders; Patrick Pearse James Connolly Tom Clarke Seán MacDermott Joseph Plunkett Éamonn Ceannt Thomas MacDonagh: Lord Wimborne Augustine Birrell Matthew Nathan Lord French Lovick Friend Shortly after the formation of the Volunteers, the British Parliament banned the importation of weapons into Ireland. The Volunteers fought for Irish independence in 1916’s Easter Rising, and were joined by the Irish Citizen Army ,Cumann na mBan and Fianna Éireann to form the Irish Republican Army . This split proved advantageous to the IRB, which was now back in a position to control the organisation. This brought the IRB representation to 16 with the rest of the committee being represented by both Redmondites and Sinn Feiners, among others. It would be the third Home Rule Bill, introduced in 1912, which would lead to the crisis in Ireland between the majority Nationalist population and the Unionists in Ulster. The Supreme Council of the IRB met on 5 September 1914, a month after the United Kingdom declared war on Germany. To respect the 1916 martyrs, the names of the leaders are engraved in Irish at the head of this grave, and at the foot of the grave the names are engraved in English. Meanwhile, labour leaders in Dublin began calling for the establishment of a citizens’ defence force in the aftermath of the lock out of 19 August 1913. The political stance of the remaining Volunteers was not always popular, and a 1,000-strong march led by Pearse through the garrison city of Limerick on Whit sunday, 1915, was pelted with rubbish by a hostile crowd. After the departure of Redmond and his followers, the Volunteers adopted a constitution, which had been drawn up by the earlier provisional committee, and was ratified by a convention of 160 delegates on 25 October 1914. Irish War of Independence: 1917-1922 A. Frank Aiken (1898–1983), a founding member of Fianna Fáil; commanded the Fourth Northern Division of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) during the War of Independence. The following year they were joined by Eammonn Ceannt as director of communications and J.J. O’Connell as chief of inspection. In December a headquarters staff was appointed, consisting of Eoin MacNeill as chief of staff, The O’ Rahilly as director of arms,Thomas Ma Donagh as director of training, Patrick Pearse as director of military organization, Bulmer Hobson as quartermaster, and Joseph Plunkett as director of military operations. Within a year it had an estimated 160,000 members, but quickly split at the outbreak of World War One. The O’Rahilly, assistant editor and circulation manager of the Gaelic League newspaper An Claidheamh Soluis encouraged MacNeill to write an article for the first issue of a new series of articles for the paper. They left to form the National volunteers, which fought in the 10th and  16th Irish Division, side-by-side with their volunteer counterparts from the 36th Ulster Division. Though the “rights and liberties” were never defined, nor the means by which they would be obtained, the IRB in the Fenian tradition construed the term to mean the maintenance of the rights of Ireland to national independence and to secure that right in arms. Names with an asterisk (*) after them attended the National Convention of 1782. It was useful for disseminating pro-Irish propaganda and whipping up nationalist fervour in its readers. committee of the Irish Volunteers; it includes the names of five of the eventual signatories of the Proclamation, 12 May 1914. Joseph E.A. Michael Collins along with several other IRB members claim that the formation of the Irish Volunteers was not merely a “knee-jerk reaction” to the Ulster Volunteers, which is often supposed, but was in fact the “old Irish Republican Brotherhood in fuller force. Their plan was to circumvent MacNeill’s command, instigating a rising, and to get MacNeill on board once the rising was a fait accompli. Kathleen Hegarty-Thorne Contributor The Irish Volunteers realised that it too would have to follow suit if they were to be taken as a serious force. The Volunteer organisation was publicly launched on 25 November, with their first public meeting and enrollment rally at the Rotunda in Dublin. MacNeill offered his opinion in the article The North Began that the Tory policy in Ulster, was deliberately adopted to make the display of military force with the threat of armed violence the decisive factor in relations between Ireland and Great Britain. by Irish Volunteers at the Battle of Ashbourne, 1916. Überblick. Anticipating the formation of the Volunteers they began to learn foot-drill and military movements. The manifesto of the Volunteers, approved at the 25 November meeting, stated the organisation’s objectives were “to secure and maintain the rights and liberties common to the whole people of Ireland.” To train, arm, equip and discipline themselves for the above purpose while uniting Irishmen of every creed, party and class. Following the split, the remnants of the Irish Volunteers were often, and erroneously, referred to as the “Sinn Féin Volunteers”, or “Shinners”, afterArthur Griffith’s political organisation Sinn fein. (Hobson was also an IRB member, but had a falling out with the leadership after he supported Redmond’s appointees to the provisional council, and hence played little role in the IRB thereafter.). Though no order was given, the soldiers fired on the civilians, killing four and the wounding of a further 37. Patrick Pearse famously replied that “the Orangeman with a gun is not as laughable as the nationalist without one.” Thus O’Rahilly, Sir Roger Casement  and Bulmer Hobson worked together to coordinate a daylight gun-running expedition to Howth , just north of Dublin. Pearse explained the reason for the establishment of the new force when he said in May 1915: What if conscription be enforced on Ireland? Home Rule for Ireland dominated political debate between the two countries since Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone  introduced the first Home Rule Bill in 1886, which was rejected by the House of Commons. A minority believed that the principles used to justify the Allied war cause were best applied in restoring the freedom to one small country in particular. The number of dead given in the article is 273 and these would have been issued with posthumously awarded Named and Number 1916 Medals in 1941. He knew the purpose as to why he was chosen, but he was determined not to be a puppet. The IRB organised this meeting to which all parties were invited, and brought 5000 enlistment blanks for distribution and handed out in books of one hundred each to each ot the stewards. After the article was published, Hobson asked The O’Rahilly to see MacNeill, to suggest to him that a conference should be called in order to make arrangements for publicly starting the new movement. Der Aufstand fand vom Ostermontag, dem 24. bis zum 29. The article “threw down the gauntlet to nationalists to follow the lead given by Ulster unionists.” MacNeill was unaware of the detailed planning which was going on in the background, but was aware of Hobson’s political leanings. Related Posts . Many joined the British Army to fight against Germany, but a minority refused to enlist and went on to fight in the 1916 Easter Rising. They retained the name “Irish Volunteers”, were led by MacNeill and called for Irish neutrality. If they did not attempt to defeat this policy “we become politically the most degraded population in Europe and no longer worthy of the name of Nation …” In this situation he said guarding our own rights is our first duty. With MacNeill willing to take part, O’Rahilly and Hobson sent out invitations for the first meeting at Wynn’s Hotel in Abbey Street, Dublin, on November 11. The O’Rahilly suggested to MacNeill that it should be on some wider subject than mere Gaelic pursuits. As the Volunteers marched from Howth back to Dublin, however, they were met by a large patrol of the Dublin Metropolitan Police and the British Army. A fiery orator and skilled writer – Pearse was radicalised by the Home Rule crisis and eventually joined the I.R.B.’s Military Council, which plotted the 1916 Rising, and was elected President of the Republican Provisional Government. Background . It was precisely with this object that the Volunteers of 1782 were enrolled, and they became the instrument of establishing Irish self-government. Further reading B. Hobson, A short history of the Irish Volunteers, 1913–1916 (Dublin, 1918). The Rising was a failure in the short term, and large numbers of Irish Volunteers were arrested, even some who did not participate in the Rising. April 1916 statt. He succeeded only in putting the Rising off for a day, and limiting it to about 1,000 active participants within Dublin and a further 2,000-3,000 elsewhere. ONE of the more obscure incidents of the Easter Rising took place near Galbally on the Tipperary/Limerick border. The Irish Citizen army supplied slightly more than 200 personnel for the Dublin campaign. 2016 will see the centenary of this very important event in Irish … The IRB knew they would need a highly regarded figure as a public front that would conceal the reality of their control. The term began as a derogatory one, but soon became ubiquitous in Ireland. (Published in the Evening Echo December 31, 2015.) Judge (AOH), Thomas Kettle (IPP, AOH), James Lenehan (AOH), Michael Lonergan (IRB, Fianna Éireann (FÉ)), Peter (Peadar) Macken (IRB, Labour leader, SF, GL), Seán Mac Diarmada (IRB,Irish Freedom), Thomas MacDonagh(IRB), Liam Mellows (IRB), Col. Maurice Moore (IPP, GL, Connaught Rangers), Séamus O’Connor (IRB), Colm O’Loughlin (IRB, St. Enda’s School (SES)), Peter O’Reilly (Ancient Order of Hibernians (AOH)), Robert Page (IRB, Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA)), Patrick Pearse (IRB, GL, SES), Joseph M. Plunkett (IRB, Irish Review), John Walsh (AOH), Peter White (Celtic Literary Society); Fianna Éireann representatives: Con Colbert (IRB), Eamon Martin (IRB), Patrick O’Riain (IRB). Decided to stage a Rising before the war ended and to accept whatever help Germany might offer to.. Of old Fenians of t… 1916 Easter Rising took place near Galbally the! 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