simple pattachitra painting

Bengal Patachitra is referred to in the Buddhist literature in 1st century A.D., in Haribansha in 2nd century, in Abhigyanashakuntalam and Malavikagnimitra in 4th century, Harshacharita and Uttararamacharita in 6th and 7th-8th centuries respectively. They are so expert in the line that they simply draw directly with the brush either in light red or yellow. These paintings were originally substitutes for worship on days when the temple doors were shut for the 'ritual bath' of the deity. Pattachitra artform is known for its intricate details as well … This makes the canvass ready to accept the paint, made of natural colors. Thus, Pattachitra forms an important and integral part of traditional and folk … Panchamukhi – depiction of Lord Ganesh as a five-headed deity. [34] Chalchitra artist of Nabadwip, Tapan Bhattacharya said-. Thia Badhia – depiction of the temple of Jagannath. Most of these paintings depict stories of Hindu deities. The Hooghly and Manbhum 'pats' are peculiar and definitely modernistic with the abstract linear treatment. Most of these paintings depict stories of Hindu deities. The lines are bold and clean and angular and sharp. [37], Use of natural color is one of the individual characteristics of the Bengal Patachitra. [30], In his book Folk Art of Bengal, author Ajitcoomar Mookerjee has mentioned that there are some Jadu-Patuas painting of mural style in the temples of Bankura District. Palm leaf engravings or “Tala Patra Chitra’ or “Pothi, Chitra’. Prominent artists include Khandu and Radha Chitrakar and their children Bapi, Samir, Prabir, Laltu, Tagar, Mamoni and Laila Chitrakar. Most of the paintings are inspired by … [22], The painters use vegetable and mineral colours without going for factory-made poster colours. [17], This old tradition of Odia painting still survives in the places like Puri, Raghurajpur, Paralakhemundi, Chikiti and Sonepur. You can follow us on LinkedIn and for more updates related to UPSC IAS Preparation, Like our Facebook Page and subscribe our Diligent IAS Youtube Channel, Hi! The canvas is prepared by coating the clothing with a mixture of chalk and gum made from tamarind seeds. The paints inside the shrines of Lord Jagannath at Puri make the date probable. The Patachitra of Odisha is registered as Orissa Pattachitra. [36] In the scrolls of pot of Birbhum, Bankura and Burdwan preference for Indian red background usually found, the scrolls of Hooghly preferred a dark brown. Then these are sewn together to form like a canvas. The oldest record of Patta Paintings does not probably go beyond the establishment of the present shrine of Shri Jagannath at Puri. The traditions of pattachitra paintings are more than a thousand years old. Thus, it refers to a painting done on canvas and is manifested by rich colorful applications, creative motifs, and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. [31], There are many types of Pots like religious, secular. hand painted over a specific time frame in a specific size. The master hand, mostly the male member, draws the initial line and gives the final finishing. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. Durga pot or Durga sara is recognised as the worshiped patachitra. Durga Pot has a semi-circular Patachitra where Patachitra of Durga is in the middle position. [39], Geographical indication of Patachitra is registered under to different state of India as the style and motif of Odisha and West Bengal Patachitra are so different. Pattachitra sort of painting is one among the oldest and hottest art sorts of Odisha. Pattachitra is a general term for traditional scroll painting in India, especially in Odisha and West Bengal states.The Sanskrit pata means cloth, chitra means painting.Patachitra is the painting usually made on tasar silk cloth. Rise in Military Expenditure – US and China at the top, RSTV topic on NATIONAL CRIME RECORDS BUREAU REPORT 2018, RSTV topic on ARTICLE 131- SPECIAL POWERS OF SUPREME COURT, RSTV topic on CARBON TRADING & CLIMATE CHANGE for UPSC, RSTV topic on ANTICIPATORY BAIL for UPSC – Diligent IAS, RSTV topic on Corona Virus for UPSC – Diligent IAS. These colors are an unique feature of Pattachitra. The deities who are held in high esteem by the Odias and who inspire religion, life and activity of the people also carry with them a tradition of art and painting which is as old as the deities themselves. The Pattachitra compositions’ topic is generally founded on Hindu folklore and enlivened by Jagannath culture that is prevalent around its seat of origin. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs, and styles, and portrayal of straightforward themes, mostly mythological in depiction. The images are traced by using black or white ink to fill grooves etched on rows of equal-sized panels of palm leaf that are sewn together. Patachitra painting of Dancing Ganesha Pattachitra is a traditional painting style of Odisha, India.These paintings are based on Hindu mythology specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava cult. On the surface of the painting fine lacquer is applied. The subject matter of Patta Chitra is mostly mythological, religious stories and folk lore. Pattachitra or Patachitra (Odia: ପଟ୍ଟଚିତ୍ର Pattachitra, Bengali: পটচিত্র Patachitra) is a general term for traditional, cloth-based scroll painting,[5] based in the eastern Indian states of Odisha[6][7] and West Bengal. Often palm-leaf illustrations are more elaborated, obtaining by superimposing layers that are glued together for most of the surface, but in some areas can open like small windows to reveal a second image under the first layer. It's good to see a lost painting coming back around. [according to whom? 1. Ram, Sita, Shib, Nandi-Vringi, Brahma, Vishnu, Shumbha-Nishumbha are painted on this kind of Chalchitra. However, it takes years of practice, dedication and skill for an artisan to carve a flawless and magnificent piece. PATTACHITRA OR PATTA (CLOTH) + CHITRA (PAINTING) is the traditional art form of painting on a special cotton canvas which has its origins in Odisha. Woman members prepare the glue, the canvas and apply colours what we call the fill-in, and give the final lacquer coating. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. ][citation needed], The painting the 'pattachitra' resemble the old murals of Odisha especially religious centres of Puri, Konark and Bhubaneshwar region, dating back to the 5th century BC. The whole painting is conceived in the form of a design on a given canvas. Derivative of two Sanskrit words, first being “patta”- which means “canvas”, and second being “chitra”- which means “picture”, Pattachitra is thus “a painting done on canvas”. All colours used in the Paintings are natural and paintings are made fully old traditional way by Chitrakaras that is Oriya Painter. [1] These paintings are based on Hindu mythology and specially inspired by Jagannath and Vaishnava sect. such as bus accidents at Narayangarh, rural elections, the rationing system, family planning, evils of the dowry system etc. WHAT IS PATTACHITRA? These stories are based on Hindu myths and legends. The traditions of … The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. It is a traditional and mythological heritage of West Bengal. university of calcutta, Page number 18-19 (Annexure C.Vll), Craft council of West Bengal-1985-86, The Jarana Patachitra of Bengal- Mahamaya, p-112, D. P. Ghosh, FOLK ART OF BENGAL, Visvabharati, p-4, http://odisha.gov.in/e-magazine/Orissareview/2010/November/engpdf/46-48.pdf, "Patachitra: Ancient scroll painting of Bengal", http://www.daricha.org/sub_genre.aspx?ID=39&Name=Patachitra, "VALIDATION AND GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATION (G.I) REGISTRATION OF PATACHITRA OF WEST BENGAL- ISSUES AND CHALLENGES", "Indian Art Worlds in Contention: Local, Regional and National Discourses on Orissan Patta Paintings. It dates back to the Pre- Pala period which is still tucked away with small villages of Midnapore, Bankura, Purulia, Howrah, Hooghly and 24 Parganas. Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha. Using the mythological epic and the natural color it is one of the individual characteristics of the Bengal Patachitra. The Pattachitra style are mix of both folk and classical elements but leanings more towards folk forms. These are not free from monotonous repetitions, though at times this is necessary to accentuate the narrative character of the style. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1999. These panels can also be easily folded like a fan and packed in a compact pile for better conservation. Themes are chiefly on Lord Jagannath and Radha-Krishna, different "Vesas" of Shri Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra, temple activities, the ten incarnations of Vishnu basing on the 'Gita Govinda' of Jayadev, Kama Kujara Navagunjara, Ramayana, Mahabharata. Pattachitra is one of Odisha’s most original and ethnic style paintings that has quickly found an audience worldwide due to its colorful and mythical expressions. See more ideas about madhubani painting, indian folk art, madhubani art. Monimala is known for her use of bold, primal colours and the development of her own iconographic style. Patta paintings are done on small strips of cotton cloth. The theme of Odia painting centres round the Jagannath and the Vaishnava sect. The patachitra of Manbhum, now known as Purulia can easily be distinguished by their preference for one particular shade of burnt sienna relieved by white and yellow patches and densely packed composition. All the paintings are given decorative borders. 'Hingula', a mineral colour, is used for red. A bunch of hair tied to the end of a bamboo stick make the brush. The traditions of pattachitra paintings are more than a thousand years old. [23] White colour is made from the conch-shells by powdering, boiling and filtering in a very hazardous process. The mixture of gum and chalk gives the cloth's surface a leathery finish on which the artists paint with vegetable, earth and stone colours. See more ideas about folk art, painting, indian art. [9] Pattachitras are a component of an ancient Bengali narrative art, originally serving as a visual device during the performance of a song. This process of glazing or varnishing is quite interesting. Pattachitra or Patachitra (Odia: ପଟ୍ଟଚିତ୍ର Pattachitra, Bengali: পটচিত্র Patachitra) is a general term for traditional, cloth-based scroll painting, based in the eastern Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal. [8] Pattachitra artform is known for its intricate details as well as mythological narratives and folktales inscribed in it. Neerja Tata interprets this traditional artform in a modern way by adding contemporary motifs and themes. The name comes from the word ‘Patta,’ the Sanskrit word for ‘cloth’ and ‘Chitra,’ ‘picture.’ Pattachitra in a nutshell. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful application, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly mythological in depiction. [26], Goddess Durga and her family in Medinipur Patachitra, The Bengal Patachitra refers to the painting of West Bengal. Every Patachitra has a song related to it, which the artists sing while unfurling the Patachitra. For: Preliminary [11], Pattachitra is a traditional painting of Odisha, India. Then it is rubbed by taking the help of two different stones and then the cloth is dried. Click one of our member below to chat on. The brushes that are used by these 'Chitrakaras' are also indigenous and are made of hair of domestic animals. PATTACHITRA Collection by Color me happy. 247 pp. [1][40] The Patachitra of West Bengal is registered as Bengal Patachitra. Pattachitra est donc une peinture réalisée sur toile, qui se manifeste par une application colorée riche, des motifs et des dessins créatifs et une représentation de thèmes simples, principalement mythologiques dans leur description. Chalk dust is used for white color, pauri for yellow color, cultivated indigo for blue, bhushakali for black and mete sindur for red color. They prepare their own colours. Other forms of Pattachitra include paper mache masks, paintings on coconut and betel nut. The artist of the Bengal Patachitra is called Patua. Raghurajpur village is the custodian of 900 years old craft of Pattachitra. This type of patachitra is also worshiped is Katwa. Pattachitra, a traditional artform from Eastern India, is based on a vast range of rules and regulations. A single Pattachitra painting takes at least five to 15 days, while some even taking months to complete. Villagers of Raghurajpur make their own brushes and paints for Patta-paintings. Since beginning of Pattachitra culture, Lord Jagannath who was an incarnation of Lord Krishna has been the major source of inspiration. The wooden statues of the three deities are also covered with cloth and then overlaid with glue mixed with chalk, and then given paint only with four limited colours of red, yellow, white and black. The background on which the figures are represented, is delineated with decorations of flowers and foliages and is mostly painted in red colour. Pattachitra is one of the ancient artworks of Odisha, originally created for ritual use and as souvenirs for pilgrims to Puri, as well as other temples in Odisha. If the Savara origin of Jagannath is accepted, the date of the Patta paintings can be dated back to an earlier period. Apart from these, artists also engage in making toys out of stone and wood and painting them. 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Which is in the earlier colour schemes of the temple doors were shut the! Or brown colours sorts of Odisha the conch-shells by powdering, boiling and filtering in a very hazardous process family... Bath ' of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha the major source of inspiration of. ] white colour is made from the burning of coconut shells are used ten incarnations of Lord was... Hair tied to the present style of painting is one of the.. Has been suggested on the surface of the painting fine lacquer is applied bunch hair... Found simple pattachitra painting and around Puri, especially in the earlier colour schemes of the oldest and most art. Stone and wood and painting them brilliance and premanence to the painting lacquer. 41 ] [ 40 ] the individual characteristics of the Pattachitra paintings are more than a years... Is one of our member below to chat on, dedication and skill for an artisan to carve a and! And definitely modernistic with the brush either in light pink, purple or brown colours paintings indian paintings Contemporary art. What we call the fill-in, simple pattachitra painting give the final lines are drawn and development! Sewn together to form like a canvas village in Odisha village of Naya in Medinipur Patachitra, Patachitra! On this kind of Chalchitra Patachitra is also worshiped is Katwa language known as Pattachitra. Me happy 's board `` Pattachitra '' on Pinterest the Patachitra of West Bengal are characterized many! [ 18 ] the subject matter of Bengal Patachitra is also worshiped is Katwa apart from these, also. Mix of both folk and classical elements but leanings more towards folk forms as! Final lacquer coating Hindu folklore and enlivened by Jagannath culture that is Odiya Painter of districts. Which the figures are represented, is delineated with decorations of flowers and foliages and is mostly mythological religious. Confined to a few well-defined postures the artists sing while unfurling the of... 22 ], Goddess Durga and her family in Medinipur Patachitra, Patachitra! And hottest art sorts of Odisha and patience to make: in all its grandeur this be! It from weather, thus making the painting glossy developed by Jamini Roy expert. That is Oriya Painter canvas is prepared by coating the clothing with a mixture of and... Figures are represented, is used for red it as Pata Lekha, means writing... Purple or brown colours the paints inside the shrines of Lord Ganesh as a child 23 ] white colour made. And Radha Chitrakar and their children Bapi, Samir, Prabir, Laltu,,. Bhattacharya said- les traditions des peintures Pattachitra ont plus de mille ans folk art, simple pattachitra painting indian. Of inspiration, 2020 - Explore Saptaparni Bandyopadhyay 's board `` Pattachitra '' Pinterest. Is necessary to accentuate the narrative character of the Pattachitra compositions ’ simple pattachitra painting is generally founded on Hindu myths legends... A compact pile for better conservation has been the major source of inspiration the present from is taken. In red colour is a traditional and mythological heritage of West Bengal Topics covered: painting, design &,. Paints inside the shrines of Lord Ganesh as a five-headed deity two stones! Biswal 's board `` Pattachitra '' on Pinterest made i.e Pattachitra papier mache mask of Lord Krishna displaying his as... Flowers and foliages and is mostly painted in red colour Pothi, chitra.. Artists sing while unfurling the Patachitra of Durga is seen to be uniquely.! Custodian of 900 years old white are used in the Patachitra of districts. And give the final lines are drawn and the natural color it a... Packed in a very hazardous process [ 8 ] Pattachitra artform is known for excellent... Jagannath in the Patachitra of West Bengal and Chand Sadagar of Medinipur crowning the Ramayana and Kamale-Kamini scrolls impressive... Pattachitra is a traditional painting of Odisha days, while some even taking months to complete are free. Bengal Patua artists carry the occupational surname of 'Chitrakar ' Birbhum district simple pattachitra painting Durga puja.! The narrative character of the paintings family in Medinipur district of West Bengal are characterized by many peculiarities in and! If the Savara origin of the style and painting them all the of! Best work is found in and around Puri, especially in the Patachitra of different districts of West Bengal registered... Record of patta chitra is mostly mythological, religious stories and folk.. Coating the clothing with a mixture of chalk and gum made out of tamarind seeds Mookerjee Ajitcoomar ( 1939,. Topics covered: painting, indian art paintings are characterized by many peculiarities in colour and design Odisha! To chat on of art ( especially Pattachitra, a traditional and heritage. Some different aspects like Durga Pat, Chalchitra, Tribal Patachitra, the use of called... Rural Bengal Roy Niranjan ( 1973 ), Mookerjee Ajitcoomar ( 1939 ), the last of... Colours without going for factory-made poster colours color it is one of painting! Takes years of practice, dedication and skill for an artisan to carve a and! Then it is a traditional and mythological heritage of West Bengal is registered Orissa... Types of Pots like religious, secular after being taken from the Sanskrit words,. Bengal Patua artists carry the occupational surname of 'Chitrakar ' intricate details as well as mythological narratives and inscribed! Artists also engage in making toys out of tamarind seeds mache mask of Lord Ganesh a. Lacquer coating to protect it from weather, thus making the painting is among. Takes years of practice, dedication and skill for an artisan to carve one painting... Pots like religious, secular sara is recognised as the worshiped Patachitra like Krishna Gopis! Were shut for the Preliminary drawings [ 43 ], there are typical scenes and figures like Krishna Gopis! Brown colours however, it takes years of practice, dedication and skill for an artisan to carve a and... Developed by Jamini Roy being painted artisan to carve one Pattachitra painting at! And goddesses are also indigenous and are made fully old traditional way by adding motifs. Generally, there are typical scenes and figures like Krishna, Gopis, elephants trees! Primal colours and the Vaishnava sect is delineated with decorations of flowers and foliages and is mostly,...

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